Attending an interview for citizenship is a part of the naturalization process. The naturalization process consists of :
Preparing and filing Form N-400 along with the supporting document and fee with the USCIS
Getting the fingerprints taken
Attending an interview
Take the English and civics test
On approval, take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States in a formal naturalization ceremony and receive the citizenship certificate.
The purpose of the interview for citizenship is to verify if all the information you had entered in the N-400 application is correct and also to check if you have the basic knowledge of English and US history (civics). Genuineness is the key aspect in successfully completing the naturalization process. Always ensure you are transparent while furnishing details in your application. Background checks will be conducted and you could face serious consequences if you are found guilty.
The interview would mean an easy process if your case is genuine. As mentioned earlier, apart from the application being checked, your knowledge in English and civics will be tested.
The Interview for Citizenship
During your interview for citizenship, the Immigration Official will speak to you in English. The official will ask you questions related to your application and your speaking ability will be judged by the way you answer the questions. You are required to prove that you can understand what the Examiner is asking, and have to answer the questions in English. Apart from this you also have to prove you can read and write in English. The examiner will give to three sentences to read and you should read at least one of those sentences correctly.
The same procedure holds good in the writing part too. You might be asked additional questions if the examiner is not satisfied about your ability to understand English.
The civics section, which is an oral examination has 100 selected questions and you will be asked ten questions out of these. You should be able to answer six of ten questions correctly If your answer is wrong or if you don't respond to the questions, your claim will be rejected.
The test process is however a difficult one for elderly people. So based on the applicant's age and if the applicant has medically determinable physical or mental impairment, certain persons are exempted from taking the test.
If you are above 50 years of age and have been a permanent resident for at least 20 years OR if you are above 55 years of age and have been a permanent resident for at least 15 years, you need not take the English test. However, your civics knowledge will be tested but you can take it in a language of your choice.
If you have passed 65 birthdays and been a permanent resident for at least 20 years, you need not take the English test. Even here you have to take the civics test and in a language of your choice, the only difference being, this test will be an easier version and you will be asked about 10 questions from a list of 25.
The waiver rule also applies if you have any medically determinable physical or mental impairment and you are not able to learn English and civics because of this impairment. If you are such a person, you should additionally file Form N-648 requesting an exception along with the citizenship application.
Also note that if you are eligible for a waiver of the English proficiency requirement, you should bring an interpreter with you to the interview.